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Monday, October 17, 2005

The Banjul Charter

Africa is well known for many conflicts among the states just as its poverty problem. During the conflict in Rwanda, many innocent citizens were killed by the genocide. To prevent this from happening, there has been a movement to protect the human rights in Africa. Every country in the African Union (AU) ratified the "African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights”, known as the Banjul Charter. This charter was published in 1982 when AU was still the Organization of African Unity (OAU). This charter is different from the European Charter on Human Rights in many ways. First of all, Banjul Charter not only declares the rights but also declares duty. Second, it gives provisions on both human and peoples rights. Third, it guarantees the rights not only on citizenship and policy, but on economic, society and culture too. Forth, Banjul Charter is drafted so that it can make a wade range constraint to the exertion of right assured in the treaty. This charter is very important in Africa where there are many conflicts, and human rights are not generally respected.

As you all ready know, Human Security is becoming important as the State Security. This charter is an example of one type of a human security. As written above, this charter guarantees the rights also for culture. This is needed in a diversified world like now.

1 Comments:

  • At 10:51 PM, Blogger sidewalker said…

    The Banjul Charter sounds very interesting. I think attaching duty to rights is critical or governments just agree but don't take action. And the idea of economic rights hopefully can lead foreign governments to cancel debt which is a heavy weight around the necks of so many African nations. Why should the people be slaves to the demands of the World Bank or IMF? Colonialism may have ended, but the post-colonical period has not freed people from want of basic needs.
    I'm looking forward to hearing more about Africa.

     

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