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Friday, October 21, 2005

Afforestation


 Wangari Maathai is a woman from Kenya. In 2004, she won the nobel peace prise for "Contribution for sustainable development, democracy and peace". She was the first environmental field activist to win nobel peace prise. And she was also the first as an African woman.
 In 1977, she established the Green Belt Movement and started tree planting. In 1986, it changed its name to Pan African green belt network, and started tree planting all over Africa and also started promoting democracy and sustainable development. During that time, Kenya was ruled by a dictator and Maathai was trown into jail several times, but she stood up courageously.


 Desertification is a serious problem. As you all know, the green has been rapidly disappearing at the Sahel strip. This area is also known as the "Starvation belt". The plants won't grow because there are no water. And because there is a lack of water, the people there use the dirty muddy water and even drink it. The only way to stop the desert from spreading anymore is to plant trees. But we must not plant all the trees for them. And also we must not force the people to plant trees. We must convince the people that planting trees are for their own benefit, and it is worth the opportunity cost of the time working at the farm instead.

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